The game Blackjack, also known as Vingt-et-un, Pontoon, Van-John and twenty-one, was created by the French in the late 18th century. During World War I the game became very popular with the troops, and gradually, any two-card count of 21 became known as a blackjack, and thus the game was given a new name. During World War II blackjack was the most popular banking game of the soldiers. After the war, blackjack replaced Faro as the mostly played game in the casinos of Las Vegas and Reno. The history of the Blackjack card game itself is still disputed but was probably spawned from other French games such as “chemin de fer” and “French Ferme”.
Blackjack originated in French casinos around 1700 where it was called “vingt-et-un” (“twenty-and-one”) and has been played in the U.S. since the 1800’s. Blackjack is named as such because if a player got a Jack of Spades and an Ace of Spades as the first two cards (Spade being the color black of course), the player was additionally remunerated.
Blackjack is a simple and easy game to play and understand. Also it is commonly thought that it is one of the few casino games at which a skilled player can actually beat the house!